Bitter or Sour Orange

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A type of orange that does not have the sweet taste of many other oranges but instead provides a bitter flavor due to the higher acidic content. Several of the most common varieties of this type of orange include the Bergamont or the Seville oranges.

The Bergamot is a small, somewhat pear-shaped fruit with has a high content of juice, numerous seeds and a highly bitter, acidic flesh. Smooth but thin skinned, Bergamot oranges range in color from green to yellow, depending on ripeness. This variety of orange is typically used for its essential oils, which provide a strong scent for perfumes and cosmetics, and flavoring for liqueurs. The peel is dried and used as flavoring in teas, such as Earl Grey tea. The aroma of the orange is used in aromatherapy mixtures and sold as a remedy for forms of depression. Bergamots are found growing most often in Italy. Another Bitter Orange is the Seville orange, a sour tasting fruit with a flattened appearance and a rough, thick skin covering a flesh with many seeds. Similar to the Bergamot, the Seville oranges are generally not eaten out-of-hand because of their acidic taste but are more often used for cooking because of their strong orange flavor. They are popular for making marmalades, jellies, and jams, flavoring liqueurs, and are used in marinades. Most often grown in the Mediterranean regions, the Seville variety has a short growing season so they are not always readily available. The Seville may also be referred to as a Bigarade orange.

For recipes requiring a bitter or sour orange, a subsitution may be required since these oranges may not be readily available. Use equal parts of orange and grapefruit juice or use 2 parts orange juice combined with 1 part lemon juice and 1 part lime juice.

USDA Nutrition Facts

Serving Size1 cup (1/2" pieces)
Calories17
Protein1g
Total Fat0g
Total Carbohydrates3g
Dietary Fiber2g
Potassium296mg
Sodium5mg
Cholesterol0mg
Serving Size1 leaf
Calories30
Protein5g
Total Fat0g
Total Carbohydrates3g
Potassium608mg
Sodium11mg
Cholesterol0mg
Serving Size1 cup (1/2" pieces)
Calories19
Protein0g
Total Fat0g
Total Carbohydrates4g
Dietary Fiber2g
Sugars1g
Potassium319mg
Sodium242mg
Cholesterol0mg

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