One of the most common and well known types of processed cheese is referred to as American cheese. Other types are also available such as the spreadable processed cheese that is produced in France, known as Gourmandise. Gourmandise Cheese is a smooth and creamy cheese that may be seasoned with flavorings and/or nuts such as Kirsch liqueur, cherry juice or bits of walnuts. The French also produce a La Vache, Qui Rit, or Rambol cheese that are classified as Processed Cheese. A Swiss variety includes their Gruyère-style cheese that is made into a block shape for use as a processed cheese.
Imitation or substitute cheeses which are also considered to be Processed Cheeses, are produced in a manner that lengthens their shelf life. By removing the butter fat and water from the cheese, imitation cheeses can be made to be more stable and last almost indefinitely on the shelf with minimal refrigeration. However, the substitute cheeses may be nutritionally different since other ingredients may be used instead of cheese to produce the product. Substitute cheeses are often produced with soy or milk-based ingredients to assist with digestive problems or other health issues in order to provide food alternatives for those desiring this type of cheese. Imitation cheese has a look and feel like Processed Cheese but may have reduced-fat or no milk products included in the ingredients. Also, vegetable oils may be used instead of butterfat casein, a protein solid is often used to replace the cheese curd for processing the product.