Corn Flour

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A type of flour milled from dried kernels of yellow corn. It is similar to cornmeal except that it is ground to a finer consistency than cornmeal. It is used to make cornbread, muffins, pancakes, polenta, and tortillas. Corn flour is very useful for gluten-free quick breads. Because corn flour contains no gluten, it must be blended with wheat flour when preparing yeasted breads.

There are several other popular varieties of corn flour available and some may be more regionally popular than others. Harinilla is a variety of corn flour made from blue corn. It is often used for a number of Mexican dishes including tortillas, tamales, and dumplings. The blue corn is treated with a lime solution, which expands the kernel, allowing it to be removed from the hull. If harinilla is not available, blue cornmeal can be substituted, but it should be milled in a food processor to produce a flourlike consistency. Harinilla is also known as "blue corn flour" and when it is used for preparing tortillas, it is called "Harina Azul".

Masa harina is corn flour that is ground from dried hominy. White or yellow corn is used for making hominy, which is also known as "posole" or "pozole". The corn is boiled in a solution containing powdered lime and is then washed, dried, and ground to form the masa harina. It is used in preparing corn tamales and tortillas. Blue corn is used to make harinilla and is not used for masa harina.

Cornstarch is obtained from the white heart of the corn kernel. Cornstarch is a tasteless, very fine powder that is very useful as a thickener, having double the thickening properties of regular flour. It is widely used for thickening sauces, gravies, and puddings. It is best to stir it into water first before it is added to other foods, so that it can be more easily incorporated without creating lumps. In England, cornstarch is referred to as corn flour or cornflour, while in the United States corn flour refers to whole corn kernels that have been finely ground.

USDA Nutrition Facts

Serving Size1 cup
Calories365
Protein9g
Total Fat3g
Total Carbohydrates76g
Potassium298mg
Sodium5mg
Cholesterol0mg
Serving Size1 cup
Calories361
Protein6g
Total Fat3g
Total Carbohydrates76g
Dietary Fiber7g
Sugars0g
Potassium315mg
Sodium5mg
Cholesterol0mg
Serving Size1 cup
Calories375
Protein5g
Total Fat1g
Total Carbohydrates82g
Dietary Fiber1g
Sugars0g
Potassium90mg
Sodium1mg
Cholesterol0mg

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