Cheese

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A dairy product made from the curds of milk that have been separated from the whey. The curds form a firm substance that is aged to create added flavor. There are hundreds of varieties of fresh and aged cheese made in a variety of countries, many of which are made with ingredients and processes that exist in the region from which they originated. Cheese is divided into 5 major groups which include: hard cow's milk cheese, soft cow's milk cheese, goats milk cheese, sheep's milk cheese, and blue cheese. From these groups, the various cheeses are then selected for their intended purpose, flavor, and suitability for recipes and serving objectives. With the different varieties, there are also a number of different forms, such as grated, sliced, block, wedge, soft, hard, or spreadable from which a specific type is chosen for a specific purpose.

Cheese can be served for appetizers, toppings, sandwich filling, entrees, and desserts or used as an ingredient for numerous food dishes. When serving cheese as an appetizer, serve approximately 1 ounce per person. If several different types are being offered as courses to a meal, begin with the mildest cheese, serving increasingly stronger cheeses as the courses progress. Additional foods can accompany cheese to enhance the flavor, such as almonds, walnuts, apples, pears, slices of hard breads, or crackers. Serve breads and crackers that are mild in flavor so they do not attempt to compete with the flavor of the cheese. Fruits go well with a variety of strong cheeses, such as blue cheese with slices of pears.

If mold appears on soft cheese, discard the cheese immediately. On hard cheese however, the mold can be removed by cutting it off, making sure not to contaminate the knife and spread the mold by slicing too closely to the spores that have formed. Some types of cheese, such as Asiago, Cheddar and Parmigiano Reggiano that have aged, may form small crystalized ganules that create a rough and gritty texture on the cheese. This is not harmful and is due to the breaking down of the calcium in the milk that is used to make the cheese. As the cheese ages and the calcium breaks down, it forms crystals that become a natural process of the cheese aging.

Serving Tip
When serving cheese, plan on following amounts per person: 1) Appetizers with cheese as the main item, allow 3 to 4 ounces per person; 2) Buffet table with cheese as small part of other foods, allow up to 1 ounce per person; 3) Dessert servings, allow 1/2 ounce per person.

USDA Nutrition Facts

Serving Size1 cup
Calories295
Protein7g
Total Fat28g
Total Carbohydrates3g
Dietary Fiber0g
Sugars3g
Potassium112mg
Sodium673mg
Cholesterol90mg
Serving Size6 cracker 1 cracker = 6.5g
Calories490
Protein8g
Total Fat24g
Total Carbohydrates58g
Dietary Fiber1g
Sugars12g
Potassium295mg
Sodium878mg
Cholesterol6mg
Serving Size1 cup
Calories229
Protein14g
Total Fat13g
Total Carbohydrates3g
Dietary Fiber0g
Potassium105mg
Sodium132mg
Cholesterol45mg

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