|Broccoli can be cooked using several methods. Some common methods are steaming, boiling, sautéing, stir frying, and microwaving. Broccoli should be cooked until they are tender-crisp. Before starting to prepare the broccoli, rinse the head thoroughly in cold water and remove any wilted or damaged leaves. After the broccoli has been cut as shown below, soak it in salt water or vinegar water to help force any insects out that are lodged within the florets.
|If the stalk is going to be used, cut off the tough bottom end. Then trim the the stalk off, leaving about 3 inches below the florets.
|Peel the tough outer layer from the stalk using a vegetable peeler or a paring knife. Cut the stalk into quarters lengthwise. Holding the quartered strips together, cut the stalk crosswise to the desired size.
|Finish trimming the broccoli by cutting each floret off the head, leaving a little stalk on each cluster. If the individual florets are fairly large, they can be sliced in half lengthwise to make smaller pieces.
The stalks of the broccoli take longer to cook than the florets so, when cooking broccoli pieces, the stalk pieces should be started a few minutes before the florets.
Place broccoli into a microwave safe dish. Arrange so that the florets are in the center with the stalks around the outside edges.
|Sprinkle two tablespoons of water over the broccoli pieces.
Cover and microwave on high from 5 to 6 minutes. Turn dish once halfway through cooking time if the microwave does not have a turntable.
After cooking, leave covered and allow to stand for 4 to 5 minutes.
Drain excess moisture and prepare to serve.
Some recipes may call for the broccoli to be cut lengthwise into larger pieces which include both the stalk and florets together. The larger pieces will require additional cooking time. To speed up this cooking time, slit the stalks lengthwise up to the florets.
When sautéing or stir-frying, it is a good idea to parboil the broccoli first so it is partially cooked ahead of time. This will allow the broccoli to be cooked to the proper doneness when sautéed or stir-fried with other ingredients that are faster cooking.
- Do not overcook broccoli. Overcooking will cause it to break apart, lose its color, diminish its taste, and will cause the lose of many nutrients.
- If adding broccoli to a cold salad, first blanch in boiling water for 2 minutes and then immediately rinse with cold water. Blanching for a short period of time will bring out the flavor of the broccoli and brightens its color.
- Enhance the flavor of broccoli with flavored butter, lemon juice, flavored vinegar, or seasonings, such as basil, dill, caraway seed, oregano, tarragon, and thyme.
- For a flavorful side dish, cover broccoli with a cheese sauce and brown under the broiler.
- When selecting broccoli, be aware that the stronger its smell the older it is.
- Peeling the fibrous outer layer of the broccoli's stalk makes it easier to digest.
- Throwing a few chunks of bread into the water when cooking broccoli will help remove the smell.
- One pound of broccoli equals 2 cups cut up. One 10 oz. frozen package equals 1 1/2 cups chopped.