Grape varietal native to the Languedoc area of France with a history dating back to the 17th century. Along with Clairette, it was the basis of Picardan, a hugely popular wine that was exported from Languedoc to Northern Europe. Following the invasion of phylloxera, plantings of the Gros Meslier varietal dwindled. At the end of the 19th century growers planted hardier, more disease resistent varietals.
Also known as: Folle Blanche, Piquepoul (Languedoc region of France), Gros Meslier (Cotes de St Mont VDQS zone, SW France), Picapoll (Spain), Picpoul, Avello and Picpoule Blanc.
Picpoul Noir is one of thirteen grape varietals allowed in Châteauneuf-du-Pape wines, but is rarely used.
Picpoul Blanc is the basis of Picpoul de Pinet, one of the Crus of Coteaux du Languedoc.