An anadromous fish, meaning it matures in saltwater but migrates to freshwater to spawn. It is a very small silver colored fish, which has a tint of green coloring on its back. The best season for smelt generally starts in September and runs into May. They are generally found ranging in size over 3 inches to under 8 inches. Smelt are sold, cooked and eaten whole. They have a rich, oily flesh with a mild flavor. They are highly perishable so if they are not to be eaten immediately after they are caught, they are quickly frozen.