Grain

Provided By
Share this!
Facebook
Google+
The kernel or seed of food plants that are used as a staple food source throughout the world. Plants such as wheat, barley, corn, oats, rye, and rice, are among the most popular cereal grains. Some plants, such as buckwheat, millet, and quinoa, bear seeds that are not technically grains, but are used as grains. Grains are high in protein, low in fat, rich in nutrients, and are among the most versatile food items available.

A whole grain consists of 4 main parts, which include the husk (hull), bran, germ (embryo), and endosperm. The husk or hull is the outer covering that millers remove before processing grain into foods or food ingredients. All types of grains with the husk removed are referred to as whole grains.

The bran consists of the layers under the husk that protect the inner substance of the grain kernel. Bran layers contain high levels of nutrients, such as fiber, vitamins and minerals.

The germ, which is also referred to as the embryo, is the material located at the bottom center of the kernel just above the stalk and is surrounded by the layers of bran wrapped around it. Since the germ is very perishable, turning rancid if the kernel is broken open, it is quickly removed and not ground into flour as the meal is processed.

Endosperm makes up the majority of the substance in a kernel of grain and consists primarily of starchy carbohydrates. It surrounds the germ and provides nourishment to the germ as the kernel grows.

USDA Nutrition Facts

Serving Size1 oz
Calories265
Protein13g
Total Fat4g
Total Carbohydrates43g
Dietary Fiber7g
Sugars6g
Potassium230mg
Sodium420mg
Cholesterol0mg
Serving Size1 oz
Calories288
Protein14g
Total Fat4g
Total Carbohydrates47g
Dietary Fiber8g
Sugars6g
Potassium250mg
Sodium457mg
Cholesterol0mg
Serving Size1 cup
Calories339
Protein13g
Total Fat1g
Total Carbohydrates72g
Dietary Fiber12g
Sugars0g
Potassium405mg
Sodium5mg
Cholesterol0mg

Grain Reviews

There currently aren't any reviews or comments for this term. Be the first!
E-mail: 
Advertisement
Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is strictly prohibited.
© Copyright 2014 Tecstra Systems, All Rights Reserved, RecipeTips.com