Curly endive is often referred to as chicory and may confuse many when labeled as loose-leaf endive or some of its other names such as loose-leaf chicory, chicory, chicory endive, curly chicory, frisée, frisee, or frise. The confusion occurs due to the fact that the term "chicory" in America or France refers to what Britain calls endive and endive in Britain becomes chicory in France and America. This vegetable green has larger, ripple-edged or ragged leaves that are green on the outer sections and cream colored closer to the stem and stalk, forming a very compact heart. The lacy outer leaves provide a prickly texture and a bitter taste while the inner leaves are milder.
Radicchio or Italian chicory is a variety that begins growing as a green leafed plant and when it matures turns from deep green to burgundy red. There is a round leafed variety and an elongated leafed variety available.
The Magdeburg variety and several other varieties of chicory grow very large roots that can be used as substitutes or additives, providing body and aroma, for a coffee beverage. The chicory root is roasted (then referred to as "succory") and ground into a coffee-chicory blend. This type of coffee is popular in the southern United States and is called Creole or New Orleans coffee.